Empowering Writers

December 2016 K-1 Lesson of the Month

This month, the K-1 lesson practices who (character), where (setting), and what (object). For more information about these story critical elements, see pgs 138-141 in the K-1 Guide.


Each student will design a “WHO, WHERE, WHAT” FLIP BOOK using some of their favorite characters, settings, and objects.

Here’s what you’ll do:

  1. Read a collection of books with all three story critical elements included. Some suggested favorites are: Rufus Goes to School by Kim Griswell, The Birthday Box by Leslie Patricelli, Mother Bruce by Ryan T. Higgins, Lily’s Purple Plastic Purse by Kevin Henkes, and/or Harold and the Purple Crayon by Crockett Johnson. Each time a book is shared, chart the story critical character (who), setting (where), and object (what) identified in the book.
  2. Next, have students create individual who, where, and what flip books with a “favorites” theme. Using the Who, Where, What Flip Book Template, copy three or more pages for each student. Over several days, let students draw pictures and/or write sentences (or fill in the blank) for characters, settings and objects. For example, when creating the “who” pages, have students create three or more pages with characters such as mom, grandmother, dad, grandfather, pet, teacher, favorite book character, favorite cartoon character, etc. When designing the “where” pages, have them choose their favorite places such as school, home, park, playground, theme park, restaurant, hotel, vacation spot, etc. Lastly, have students complete several “what” pages of their favorite objects. Some possibilities might be game, stuffed animal, food, toy, book, playground equipment, technology equipment, etc.
  3. When all of the pages have been completed, bind the pages together and then cut the pages on the dotted lines. This will set up their flip book.
  4. Encourage students to use their books to tell stories applying a character, setting and object in each story. Then have them flip to a different character, setting and object and tell a different story. This may require a MODELED sample by the teacher, especially if a class flip book on p.141 has not been attempted.